Page numbers -- preceed numbers with p. or pp.
Identify volumes and issue numbers -- vol. 64, no. 3
For online works the DOI is preferred. If DOI is not available, provide a STABLE (Permalink) URL without http:// or https://.
How can you tell if an article is scholarly or from a magazine?
If you get your article from an online database, you can usually limit your results list to just scholarly journals. If you are using a print copy, here's some tips:
1. Scholarly journals report on original research and usually include charts, graphs and formulas. The articles are lengthy and usually have headings like method or methodology, results, and conclusion and include a bibliography. Examples of scholarly journals are American Journal of Education, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, and Modern Fiction Studies.
2. Magazine articles are written to inform and entertain a general audience. They may be news magazines, sports interest, cultural and social news, or a variety of topics features. They usually have colorful covers, lots of photos and advertisements. Articles are usually brief but can be longer and they seldom have a bibliography. Examples of magazines are Newsweek, Good Housekeeping, and Popular Mechanics.
Scholarly Journal (print format):
For two authors, list the authors in the order they appear on the title page. List the first author with the last name first; list the second author with the first name followed by the last name.
Scholarly Journal (from online database):
No http:// necessary for the URL.
Cite the database (Academic Search Premier), not the interface (EBSCOHost).
Make sure the URL is a Persistent link or Permalink and not a “search” link. Look for those terms or Bookmark to identify persistent links.
Scholarly Journal with 3+ Authors (from online database)
For three or more authors, reverse the name of the first author and follow it with a comma and et al.(p.22).
The DOI (Digital Object Identifier), if available, is preferred over an URL.
Magazine (print format):
If an author is listed, begin with the name of the author. If no author is listed, begin with the title of the article.
Magazine (from online database):
Cite the article as you would a print article, followed by:
Newspaper (print format):
Because newspaper articles often don’t appear on consecutive pages, cite the section and page number where the article begins. If the article continues onto additional pages, note this by placing a + sign after the page number.
If the article is unsigned, begin with the title of the article. Omit "A," " An," or "The" if the title begins this way.
Newspaper (from online database):
Cite the article as you would a print article, followed by the database in which you accessed the article, the medium of publication (Web), and the date of access.