1. Observe behavior or other phenomena that may interest you
2. Form a possible answer or explanation, a hypothesis, as to what is happening or how it is happening
- characteristics or conditions that change or have different values for different individuals.
- a statement that describes or explains a relationship between or among variables. A hypothesis is not a final answer but rather a proposal to be tested and evaluated.
3. Use your hypothesis to generate a testable prediction
- Deduction or deductive reasoning
- Uses a general statement as the basis reaching a conclusion about specific examples
4. Evaluate the prediction by making systematic, planned observations
- Research or data collection
- Goal is to provide a fair and unbiased test of the research hypothesis by observing whether the prediction is correct
5. Use the observations to support, refute, or refine the original hypothesis
Source: Gravetter, F. J., & Forzano, L. B. (2016). Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences. Stamford, Conn: Cengage Learning.